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Wasps


European Hornet
  • Characteristics
  • Habitat
  • Tips for Control
  • Pest Impact
European hornets are much larger than other wasps. Unlike most other stinging insects, European hornets will fly at night.
Queens are the only females to reproduce. Most other hornets are female workers who build the hive, gather food, feed the young, and protect the colony. There are few males (also called drones) in the hive. Since their job is to mate with the queen, males typically die soon after mating.

Size:1 1/2
Shape:Wasp
Color:Black with yellow markings
Wings:Yes
Antenna: Yes
Common Name:European Hornet
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum:Arthropoda
Class:Insecta
Order:Hymenoptera
Family:Vespidae
Species:L. saccharina
Wasps build their nests in a variety of places, often choosing sunny spots. Nests are commonly located in holes underground, along riverbanks or small hillocks, attached to the side of walls, trees or plants, or underneath floors or eaves of houses. Wasp nests are most easily found on sunny days at dawn or dusk as the low light levels make it easier to spot the wasps flying in and out of their nests. Wasps will attack and sting humans, particularly if threatened, so care should be taken around wasps and their nests.
Do not leave sweet drinks or meats out in the open.
Call a pest management professional if you find hornets around your house.
European hornets can do a great deal of damage to trees and shrubs, because they strip the bark to get to the sap. They also use the bark fiber to build their nests. They have smooth stingers, so they can sting over and over again. Their stings also carry venom that makes the stings hurt, itch or swell for about 24 hours. A European hornet sting has the same risk of allergic reactions from as with other wasp stings.
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