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Brown Recluse Spider


Loxosceles reclusa
  • Characteristics
  • Habitat
  • Tips for Control
  • Pest Impact
They are light to medium brown in color; however they vary in tones from cream to dark brown.

Since they donít have an obvious coloration, their most distinctive feature is the presence of six eyes that are arranged in pairs unlike other spiders that have eight. 

Their lifespan ranges from one to two years. It is resilient and can go for months without eating. 

They build houses with irregular webs and live mainly in the southern states of United States.


Size : 5/8 inches
Shape : Round
Color : Light to dark brown, with a dark brown violin shaped marking on their back.
Legs : 8
Wings : No
Antenna : No
Common Name : Brown Recluse Spider
Kingdom : Animalia
Phylum : Arthropoda
Class : Arachnida
Order : Araneae
Family : Sicariidae
Species : Loxosceles reclusa


Diet

They eat mainly other insects that fall or get trapped on their webs.
Are mainly found in hidden corners, behind cabinets, cellars, on wooden piles.
Insecticide treatment especially on dark corners and under furniture.

Use cobweb removers to remove the webs from window sills, eaves, on the ceilings and doorways.

Store your clothes safely in containers that cannot be accessed by spiders. At the same time shake them off before you wear clothes that have been kept for long.
It is not an aggressive spider and will always run away or act dead when confronted. However it may bite especially when carried on clothes, bedding or gloves. This act of pressing is what causes them to bite. They will mostly be found on those clothes that havenít been worn for long. The spiders have very small fangs and the bite may even go unnoticed. 

Its poisonous venom however is not known to cause any internal illness. However it may cause local swelling that may lead to ulcers. The venom is known to cause cell death and can even lead to gangrene. Internal symptoms of this bite include joint pain, rashes, vomiting and nausea.
Prevention

Insecticide treatment especially on dark corners and under furniture.

Use cobweb removers to remove the webs from window sills, eaves, on the ceilings and doorways.

Store your clothes safely in containers that cannot be accessed by spiders. At the same time shake them off before you wear clothes that have been kept for long.

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