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  • Characteristics
  • Habitat
  • Tips for Control
  • Pest Impact
There are over three thousand species of mosquitoes that have been classified even though only a few are harmful to human beings. A majority of them which exist in the wild just feed on plant sap and nectar.
Normally, it is the females of a few species that bite to get blood that is used for egg development. These eggs take 5 -14 days to hatch.
Just like other insects, they also have a four stage life cycle consisting of: egg, larva, pupa and adult. The first three stages are spent in water while the adults live freely in the environment.
Size :1/4 inches to 3/8 inches
Shape : Narrow, oval
Color : Pale brown with whitish stripes across abdomen.   
Legs : 6
Wings : Yes
Antenna : Yes
Common Name : Mosquito
Kingdom : Animalia
Phylum : Arthropoda   
Class : Insecta
Order : Diptera
Family : Culicidae
Species : Varies
Mosquitoes mouthparts are designed for piercing and sucking which they use to suck fluids both from plant or animalsí bodies. However, unlike common belief, a majority of mosquito species plus the males of blood sucking varieties feed on plant nectar and sap. Itís only females of a few species that require a blood meal for reproduction that have bite warm blooded vertebrates.
Mosquitoes prefer to hide in quiet and dark places both inside and outside the house when not actively feeding. They only need water for laying eggs and maturation of the larvae.
Mosquitoes depend on stagnant water for reproduction. Therefore draining the standing water denies them breeding opportunity.
Clear vegetation around the house that can act as their hiding places.
Clear and remove containers from the compound that trap rain water and act as breeding grounds of mosquitoes.
Use repellents and mosquito nets at night when sleeping.
Use pyrethrum based insecticides to eliminate them inside the house.
Close all the windows and doors early to prevent them from entering the house.
Mosquitoes act as vectors for diseases that affect both humans and animals. They spread the disease during feeding where they have to inject saliva on the host before sucking blood. Some of the diseases that are spread this way are malaria, yellow fever, elephantiasis and dengue fever. These diseases are known to kill if proper medication is not administered.
Mosquito bites are painful and irritating. They also make noise through the sound produced by their wings.
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