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Columba livia
  • Characteristics
  • Habitat
  • Tips for Control
  • Pest Impact
Pigeons are ubiquitous and are found world wide. They are normally favourite as pets even though can be a nuisance when they begin to flock in large numbers.

They reproduce quite fast with their eggs hatching eighteen days of laying.  

They are mostly found in towns and public parks where people feed them.

Size : Up to 11 inches
Shape : Bird
Color : Grey, white and black
Legs : 2
Wings : Yes
Antenna : No
Common Name : Pigeon
Kingdom : Animalia
Phylum : Chordata
Class : Aves
Order : Columbiformes
Family : Columbidae
Species : Columba livia


Pigeons eat grains as their main diet. However, they can still feed on processed starchy food. They feed their young on pigeonís milk which emanates from the oesophagus of the older birds.
Pigeons that are found in urban centres build their nests in town buildings. They also nest in residential houses, farms and mills. Some also live in the wild in trees.
Generally apply bird control methods like: bird wires, bird repellents, bird spikes and bird netting, especially in urban areas. 

Fill all the holes in the house to prevent them from building nests. 

Avoid feeding the pigeons either in public places or at home.

Keep food and water out of their reach. Close all your garbage bins and clear your compost.
Pigeons are generally pleasant birds that can be domesticated. However, they can be very destructive if allowed to flock in large numbers especially in public places. They make buildings dirty through their droppings. These droppings are also corrosive and discolour roof tops and monuments. 

They also litter the environment with their feathers that they drop aimlessly. They also spread diseases like histoplasmosis and salmonella through their droppings.
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