ANTS

ANTS

ANTS

PHARAOH ANTS

Monomorium Pharaonis
Pharaoh Ants Treatment

Size : Very small, about one-eighth of an inch in length and may easily be confused with several other types of ants.

Color : Yellow.

Behavior : This pest ant can be very difficult to control and eliminate. Pharaoh ants typically establish themselves in areas near moisture, such as the kitchen or bathroom. They travel from room to room within the walls via plumbing pipes and electrical wires.

Pharaoh ants will nest in virtually any site that provides protection. Colonies have been found nesting in walls, furniture and appliances, but they have also been discovered in unique locations such as between the folds of sheets in closets, hollow curtain rods, inside irons, in small boxes and under roofing shingles. They are extremely opportunistic in their selection of nesting sites.

Pharaoh ants can only be controlled by effective placement of ant baits. The type of bait that is ultimately successful is one on which the colony or colonies involved will feed for an extended period of time. The foraging workers return the bait to the colony, feeding it to other workers, larvae and queens.

LITTLE BLACK ANTS

Monomorium minimum
LITTLE BLACK ANTS

Size : Workers of this species measure about one-eighth of an inch in length. Colonies contain multiple queens who are two to three times larger than the workers.

Color : Black.

Behavior : Little black ants are usually seen around homes following well-defined trails between the nest and food and water sources. They feed on a wide variety of foods, but the workers are partial to the sweet honeydew produced by aphids, scales and mealybugs found feeding on many trees and plants. Fruit trees, roses and many shrubs serve as hosts for aphids and may contribute to ant infestations in homes and other buildings. Most infestations inside are the result of workers searching for food. On occasion, a colony or part of a colony may establish itself inside a wall, behind brick veneer or beneath the carpet by a doorway.

This ant will take advantage of any suitable, moist space to locate its colony. It is commonly found infesting rotted logs, stumps and fence posts and may be found in tree holes and dead tree limbs far above the ground. Nests are also commonly located within piles of lumber, rocks, bricks and similar items.

Infestations of little black ants often require patience and skill to follow the trails back to the nest. The type of treatment used depends on the location of the nest (e.g., inside wood, within a brick pile, etc.). Baits can be effective but require persistence and follow-up to achieve results. General tips for limiting ant infestations include:

  • Eliminating piles of lumber, bricks or other debris that could serve as a nesting site for ants.
  • Keeping landscape mulch less than two inches thick and at least 12 inches away from foundations.
  • Ensuring the sprinkler system does not spray directly onto the foundation.
  • Sealing as many cracks in the building’s exterior as possible.
  • Keeping tree and shrub branches trimmed to prevent touching the building.
  • Considering re-landscaping to avoid using plants that are prone to aphids and similar insects. At the very least, treat such plants for aphids regularly. A tree/shrub company can be helpful with this task.

CRAZY ANTS

Paratrechina longicornis
Crazy Aunts

Size : One-eighth of an inch long, with extremely long legs and antennae.

Color : Black.

Behavior : Crazy ants may develop huge colonies containing thousands of workers and numerous queens.

These ants nest outdoors under items on the ground, within landscape mulch, beneath loose bark on trees, under ground cover, in potted plants and within piles of items such as lumber, firewood or bricks. Nests may readily be established inside homes in walls, beneath carpeting and in other suitable voids or spaces.

This species may be difficult to control & needs continuous monitoring. The keys to control are to find the colonies and subcolonies and treat them directly. Regular inspections and service are necessary to find and treat new colonies as they move from neighboring properties. The services of a professional, such as TerminixSiS are very helpful when encountering these ants. General tips for limiting ant infestations include:

  • Eliminating piles of lumber, bricks or other debris that could serve as a nesting site for ants.
  • Keeping landscape mulch less than two inches thick and at least 12 inches away from foundations.
  • Ensuring the sprinkler system does not spray directly onto the foundation.
  • Sealing as many cracks in the home’s exterior as possible.
  • Keeping tree and shrub branches trimmed to prevent touching the home.

GHOST ANTS

Tapinoma melanocephalum
GHOST ANTS

Size : Tiny, usually less than one-sixteenth of an inch in length.

Color : Pale, with a dark head and abdomen.

Behavior : Ghost ants may develop huge colonies containing thousands of workers and numerous queens. This species may be difficult to control and does not feed much on ant baits. The keys to control are to find the colonies and subcolonies and treat them directly. Regular inspections and service are necessary to find and treat new colonies as they move from neighboring properties. The nests are frequently located within wall voids, behind skirting boards, or in potted plant soil. Workers run rapidly and erratically, trailing along edges and corners.
The services of a professional, such as TerminixSiS, are very helpful when encountering these ants.

These ants nest outdoors under items on the ground, within landscape mulch, beneath loose bark on trees, under ground cover, in potted plants and within piles of items such as lumber, firewood or bricks. Nests may readily be established inside homes in walls, beneath carpeting and in other suitable voids or spaces.

This species may be difficult to control & needs continuous monitoring. The keys to control are to find the colonies and subcolonies and treat them directly. Regular inspections and service are necessary to find and treat new colonies as they move from neighboring properties. The services of a professional, such as TerminixSiS are very helpful when encountering these ants. General tips for limiting ant infestations include:

  • Eliminating piles of lumber, bricks or other debris that could serve as a nesting site for ants.
  • Keeping landscape mulch less than two inches thick and at least 12 inches away from foundations.
  • Ensuring the sprinkler system does not spray directly onto the foundation.
  • Sealing as many cracks in the home’s exterior as possible.
  • Keeping tree and shrub branches trimmed to prevent touching the home.

ODOROUS HOUSE ANTS

Tapinoma sessile

Size : About one-eighth of an inch long.

Color : Brown or black.

Behavior : Odorous house ants may develop huge colonies containing thousands of workers and numerous queens. This species may be difficult to control and does not feed much on ant baits. The keys to control are to find the colonies and subcolonies and treat them directly. Regular inspections and service are necessary to find and treat new colonies as they move in from neighboring properties. The services of a professional, such as TerminixSiS, are very helpful when encountering these ants.

These ants nest outdoors under items on the ground, within landscape mulch, beneath loose bark on trees, under ground cover, in potted plants and within piles of items such as lumber, firewood or bricks. Nests may readily be established inside homes, in walls, beneath carpeting and other suitable voids or spaces.

This ant can be difficult to control because it establishes multiple subcolonies and may nest in such a wide variety of sites. The keys to control are to find the colonies and subcolonies and treat them directly. Regular inspections and service are necessary to find and treat new colonies as they move in from neighboring properties. The services of a professional, such as TerminixSiS, are very helpful when encountering these ants. General tips for limiting ant infestations include:

  • Eliminate piles of lumber, bricks or other debris that could serve as a nesting site for ants.
  • Keep landscape mulch less than two inches thick and at least 12 inches away from foundations.
  • Ensure the sprinkler system does not spray directly onto the foundation.
  • Seal as many cracks in the home’s exterior as possible.
  • Keep tree and shrub branches trimmed to prevent them from touching the building.

They are a nuisance when they hang around the house.  They also contaminate food by walking on to it with dirt from outside.

PAVEMENT ANT

Tetramorium caespitum
PAVEMENT ANT

The ants are dark brown to black in color measuring about 3-4 mm long. Just like other social ants, they have a queen and sterile workers that maintain and defend the colonies. They also have flying versions which will form a new colony.
They characteristically build their homes and colonies in the nodes between pavements. In summer they dig out the sand between the pavements.
They also aggressively attack other ant colonies.

Size :  1/8 inches

Shape : Segmented, Oval

Color : Dark Brown to Black

Legs : 6

Wings : Varies

Antenna : Yes

Common Name : Pavement Ant

Kingdom : Animalia

Phylum : Arthropoda

Class : Insecta

Order : Hymenoptera

Family : Formicidae

Species : Tetramorium caespitum

Diet : They eat many things that come their way during colony expansion or foraging like insects, seeds, bread, ice cream and cheese.

They build their colonies on side walks and pavements, beneath slabs and drive ways.

  • Seal all cracks within your home that they can use to gain entry.
  • Remove firewood and clutter that they can use to gain access to your home.
  • Call on experts who understand their behaviors and eliminate them.

They destroy pavement and building structures by their underground tunnels and pathways.They eat and destroy food items when they invade the home.

ARGENTINE ANT

Linepithema humile
ARGENTINE ANT

This species of ant is native to South America as its name suggests, however, it has been spread to many parts of the word including North America, Europe and Asia.

It is in the top 100 most destructive pests. It is highly invasive capable of displacing other ant species and also colonizing abandoned nests.

They invade human residences in search of food and water or when their colonies have reached full capacities.

They do not have a natural predator so their population expands very fast.

Size : 1/16 inches to 1/4 inches

Shape : Segmented, Oval

Color : Dark brown to black and shiny

Legs : 6

Wings : Varies

Antenna : Yes

Common Name : Argentine Ant

Kingdom : Animalia

Phylum : Arthropoda

Class : Insecta

Order : Hymenoptera

Family : Formicidae

Species : Linepithema humile

Diet : Argentine ants forage for food both in the wild and in human residences. In the process they eat up anything including live insects and rodents, seeds and plant matter. In the house they’ll consume high calorie foods like fat, sugary and starchy foods. Unlike other social insects both the workers and the queen all forage at the same time.

They prefer to live in wet environments somewhere close to a food source like sheltered and shaded places in the yard.
They are also able to form mega colonies because they dont attack or directly compete with each other. They mingle and mix freely with insects of other colonies. This is the main reason for their ecological dominance.

They have complex nesting behaviors which make them difficult to eliminate. They have more than one queen in a given colony so killing one queen may not cause them a loss.
They are best targeted with poisoned baits which is consumed by members who go back to the colony and poison others when they lick each other.This takes four to five days for success to be noticed.

They are invasive insects which destroy plants and kill animals on their paths.
They displace other insect colonies which lead to ecosystem instability disrupting food chains.
Agriculturally, they cultivate aphids which they use for honeydew. These in turn lead to agricultural losses through aphid infestation.

CARPENTER ANTS

Camponotus
CARPENTER ANTS

Size : Up to five-eighths of an inch long.

Color : Varies from black, brown and black, red and black to light brown depending on the species. The two most common pest species are black in color.

Behavior : Carpenter ants feed on a wide variety of foods, especially other insects. The favored food of adults is the sweet honeydew produced by plant-feeding insects, such as aphids, scales and mealybugs. In the spring, mature colonies produce winged reproductive ants, called swarmers, that fly out to start new colonies. These swarms often occur from satellite colonies within homes, so homeowners may see large flying ants in their homes at night. Carpenter ants can be very difficult to control, so most homeowners employ the services of a professional company such as TerminixSiS

The main colony must have a constant source of moisture to survive, so it is usually located in dead wood outside. This includes dead limbs, tree holes, stumps, landscape timbers and so forth. Indoors, a main colony will have to be associated with a water leak or an overly wet, poorly ventilated crawl space or attic. The main colony may establish satellite colonies that are the primary source of ant activity inside homes. These satellite colonies may be located in any suitable void (e.g., hollow doors, curtain rods, shower rods), under attic insulation, etc. These ants set up trunk trails between the main colony to satellite colonies and between satellite colonies. Foraging ants can most easily be seen along these trunk trails at night when the ants are most active. Sometimes, the trunk trails occur beneath the ground following tree roots

Successfully controlling carpenter ants requires certain skills, knowledge and experience. Carpenter ant control involves tracking down and treating as many satellite colonies as possible inside and outside of the home as well as attempting to find and treat the parent colony. Accessing the parent colony may be difficult because it might be located high in a tree or on a neighboring property. In such cases, your service professional may recommend regular pest management services to help prevent new infestations. These tips will help you limit carpenter ant infestation

  • Store any wood away from your home and remove any dead wood or wood scraps from around the foundation.
  • Trim dead limbs from trees and remove stumps. Rid your viscinity of these potential nesting sites.
  • Make sure that all plumbing or roof leaks are sealed, and check crawl spaces for excess moisture.
  • Water from rain gutters should be directed away from your home and not be allowed to accumulate close to the foundation.

Carpenter ants only damage wood in the process of building their nests.

RED IMPORTED FIRE

Solenopsis invicta
RED IMPORTED FIRE-ANT

They are tiny but extremely aggressive ants. When provoked they come out in large numbers where they bite repeatedly and inject venomous compound on the assailant. This produces blisters and even allergic reactions.
They live in colonies of up to 500,000 ants or more. The workers are responsible for looking for food, protecting the colony and raising the young ones.
Winged males and females fly during spring and summer to mate and establish new colonies.
Red imported fire ants can be differentiated by their colony behaviors. If the mound is disturbed and half the insects are large and dark, they are red imported fire ants. If only a few large ants appear, it is another species of red fire ants.

Size : 1/8 inches to 3/8 inches

Shape : Segmented, Oval

Color : Dark Reddish Brown

Legs : 6

Wings : Varies

Antenna : Yes

Common Name : Red Imported Fire

Kingdom : Animalia

Phylum : Arthropoda

Class : Insecta

Order : Hymenoptera

Family : Formicidae

Species : Solenopsis invicta

Diet : They feed on both animals and plant matter. They prefer food with high content protein.

They build their colonies on lawns, gardens, public parks and school playing grounds. They prefer to build in open sunny areas where the soil has been irrigated or slightly disturbed.
Their mounds have a fresh tilled appearance especially after rain and may reach up to 24 inches tall without a common entrance. Other non Red Imported Fire Ants mounds dont exceed 2 inches in height.

Once these pests are established they become very difficult to control. It is important that you call insect experts to exterminate them due to their complex colony habits.
Seal all the holes within the home that the insects can use to access the house.
Keep away stacks of firewood that they can use to build nests.

The red imported ants colonies are very destructive and leave a trail of damage on their pathways. They will attack any living creature from domestic animals to wild animals. They attack the young of birds and reptiles.
Their stings are obnoxious due to the high concentration of venom that it produces. It causes intense itching, followed by whitish blisters. If broken can lead to secondary infections. Allergic individuals can suffer from anaphalytic shock or even death.
They also damage agricultural crops, livestock plus equipment like air conditioners, airport landing lights, water wells.